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Search Result: 147 Records found
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Reducing unemployment benefit duration to increase job-finding rates
  • Authors Trine Filges, Anders Bruun Jonassen, Anne-Marie Klint Jørgensen
  • Published date 2018-02-28
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 14
  • PLS Title Reducing the maximum duration of unemployment benefits increases the job finding rate of the unemployed
  • PLS Description Policymakers may wish to reduce the generosity of the unemployment benefits system in order to reduce unemployment levels. Reducing benefit levels may be politically more difficult than shortening the length of the unemployment benefit eligibility period to create work incentives for the unemployed. This review summarizes studies that measure the effects of shortening the maximum duration of unemployment benefit entitlement on job finding rates.
  • Title Reducing unemployment benefit duration to increase job-finding rates
Effectiveness of interventions to reduce homelessness
  • Authors Heather Menzies Munthe-Kaas, Rigmor C Berg, Nora Blaasvær
  • Published date 2018-02-28
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 14
  • PLS Title Interventions to reduce homelessness and improve housing stability are effective
  • PLS Description There are large numbers of homeless people around the world. Efforts to combat homelessness have been made on national levels as well as at local government levels. This review assesses the effectiveness of interventions combining housing programmes with or without case management as a means to reduce homelessness and increase residential stability for individuals who are homeless, or at risk of becoming homeless.
  • Title Effectiveness of interventions to reduce homelessness
School-based interventions for reducing disciplinary school exclusion
  • Authors Sara Valdebenito, Manuel Eisner, David P. Farrington, Maria M. Ttofi, Alex Sutherland
  • Published date 2018-01-09
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice, Education
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 14
  • PLS Title Interventions can reduce school exclusion but the effect is temporary
  • PLS Description School exclusion is associated with undesirable effects on developmental outcomes. It increases the likelihood of poor academic performance, antisocial behavior, and poor employment prospects. This school sanction disproportionally affects males, ethnic minorities, those who come from disadvantaged economic backgrounds, and those with special educational needs. This review assesses the effectiveness of programmes to reduce the prevalence of exclusion
  • Title School-based interventions for reducing disciplinary school exclusion
  • Spanish PLS Algunas intervenciones para reducir la exclusión escolar funcionan, pero su efecto es temporal
  • Spanish PLS Description La exclusión escolar se asocia con efectos no deseados en el desarrollo de los niños. Estudios previos muestran una asociación consistente entre la exclusión y el bajo rendimiento académico, conducta antisocial y dificultades de inserción en el mercado laboral. Esta sanción afecta de manera desproporcionada a los varones, a las minorías étnicas, a aquellos que provienen de ambientes socioeconómicos deprivados y también a los estudiantes con necesidades educativas especiales. Esta revisión sistemática analiza la efectividad de los programas de intervención para reducir la prevalencia de la exclusión escolar.
The effectiveness and efficiency of cash-based approaches in emergencies
  • Authors Shannon Doocy, Hannah Tappis
  • Published date 2017-12-21
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 13
  • PLS Title Cash-based humanitarian assistance approaches can increase food security and are more cost effective than in-kind food transfers
  • PLS Description This review assesses the effects of cash-based approaches on individual and household outcomes in humanitarian emergencies. It also assesses the efficiency of different cash-based approaches and identifies factors that hinder and facilitate programme implementation.
  • Title The effectiveness and efficiency of cash-based approaches in emergencies
Vocational and business training to improve women’s labour market outcomes in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Marjorie Chinen, Thomas de Hoop, Lorena Alcázar, María Balarin, Josh Sennett
  • Published date 2017-12-21
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 13
  • PLS Title Vocational and business training benefit women on the labour market, but the effects of most programmes are small
  • PLS Description Women around the world often perform jobs with minimal skill requirements, and encounter few opportunities for learning and advancement. Governments and development agencies try to improve women’s skills through vocational and business training programmes. This review summarises evidence on the impacts of such programmes, and on the barriers to and facilitators of vocational and business training effectiveness.
  • Title Vocational and business training to improve women’s labour market outcomes in low- and middle-income countries
Later school start times for supporting the education, health and well-being of high school students
  • Authors Robert Marx, Emily E Tanner-Smith, Colleen M Davison, Lee-Anne Ufholz, John Freeman, Ravi Shankar, Lisa Newton, Robert S Brown, Alyssa S Parpia, Ioana Cozma, Shawn Hendrikx
  • Published date 2017-12-19
  • Coordinating group(s) Education
  • Type of document Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 13
  • PLS Title Later school start times may produce benefits for students but more evidence is needed
  • PLS Description Later school start times have been implemented around the world as a means of avoiding the potentially negative impacts that early morning schedules can have on adolescent students. Even mild sleep deprivation has been associated with significant health and educational concerns: increased risk for accidents and injuries, impaired learning, aggression, memory loss, poor self-esteem, and changes in metabolism. This review examines the effects of later start times on these outcomes.
  • Title Later school start times for supporting the education, health and well-being of high school students
Preschool predictors of later reading comprehension ability
  • Authors Hanne Næss Hjetland, Ellen Irén Brinchmann, Ronny Scherer, Monica Melby-Lervåg
  • Published date 2017-12-15
  • Coordinating group(s) Education
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 13
  • PLS Title Preschool language skills are associated with better reading comprehension at school
  • PLS Description Determining how to provide the best instruction to support children’s reading comprehension requires an understanding of how reading comprehension actually develops. To promote our understanding of this process, this review summarizes evidence from observations of the development of language and reading comprehension from the preschool years into school. The main outcome in this review is reading comprehension skills. Understanding the development of reading comprehension and its precursors can help us develop hypotheses about what effective instruction must comprise to facilitate well-functioning reading comprehension skills. These hypotheses can be tested in randomized controlled trials.
  • Title Preschool predictors of later reading comprehension ability
The effectiveness of contract farming for raising income of smallholder farmers in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Giel Ton, Sam Desiere, Wytse Vellema, Sophia Weituschat, Marijke D'Haese
  • Published date 2017-12-12
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 13
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Contract farming improves incomes for better-off farmers
  • PLS Description Contract farming is a sales arrangement agreed before production begins, which provides the farmer with resources or services. The service package provided by the firm varies per location, and can include transport, certification, input provisioning and credit. This systematic review summarises evidence on income effects for smallholders to assess average effects and explore combinations of factors that increase these effects.
  • Title The effectiveness of contract farming for raising income of smallholder farmers in low- and middle-income countries
Interventions to improve the labour market outcomes of youth: a systematic review of training, entrepreneurship promotion, employment services and subsidized employment interventions
  • Authors Jochen Kluve, Susana Puerto, David Robalino, Jose Manuel Romero, Friederike Rother, Jonathan Stöterau, Felix Weidenkaff, Marc Witte
  • Published date 2017-12-04
  • Coordinating group(s) Education, International Development, Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 13
  • PLS Title Active labour market programmes for youth increase employment and earnings. Effects vary between programmes and context.
  • PLS Description This systematic review assesses the impact of youth employment interventions on the labour market outcomes of young people. The included interventions are training and skills development, entrepreneurship promotion, employment services and subsidized employment. Outcomes of interest include employment, earnings and business performance outcomes.
  • Title Interventions to improve the labour market outcomes of youth: a systematic review of training, entrepreneurship promotion, employment services and subsidized employment interventions
Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for improving health, quality of life and social functioning in adults
  • Authors Michael de Vibe, Arild Bjørndal, Sabina Fattah, Gunvor M Dyrdal, Even Halland, Emily E Tanner-Smith
  • Published date 2017-11-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review User abstract Plain language summary Previous version
  • Volume 13
  • PLS Title Mindfulness training improves health and quality of life for adults
  • PLS Description Stress and stress-related mental health problems are major causes of illness and disability. Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction is a group-based health promotion intervention to improve health and the way people deal with stress and life’s challenges. The core ingredient is mindfulness training through physical and mental exercises practiced daily for eight weeks. The mindful non-judgmental attitude of being present with what arises is practiced in the formal exercises and in everyday situations. This review assesses the effect of MBSR programs on outcome measures of mental and physical health, quality of life and social functioning in adults.
  • Title Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for improving health, quality of life and social functioning in adults
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