Campbell systematic reviews

Browse by Coordinating Group


See all reviews

Campbell plain language summaries

Browse by Coordinating Group


See all PLSs
Search Result: 29 Records found
Page 1 of 3

K2_THE_LATEST

Agricultural input subsidies for improving productivity, farm income, consumer welfare and wider growth in low- and lower-middle-income countries
  • Authors David J. Hemming, Ephraim W. Chirwa, Andrew Dorward, Holly J. Ruffhead, Rachel Hill, Janice Osborn, Laurenz Langer, Luke Harman, Hiro Asaoka, Chris Coffey, Daniel Phillips
  • Published date 2018-05-28
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 14
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Agricultural input subsidies raise input use, yields and farm income
  • PLS Description Greater use of improved seeds and inorganic fertilisers, and increased mechanisation, could boost agricultural productivity in some low- or lower-middle-income countries, but there is disagreement about whether subsidising these inputs is an effective way to stimulate their use. This review examines the evidence for impacts of input subsidies on agricultural productivity, beneficiary incomes and welfare, consumer welfare and wider economic growth.
  • Title Agricultural input subsidies for improving productivity, farm income, consumer welfare and wider growth in low- and lower-middle-income countries
The effectiveness and efficiency of cash-based approaches in emergencies
  • Authors Shannon Doocy, Hannah Tappis
  • Published date 2017-12-21
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 13
  • PLS Title Cash-based humanitarian assistance approaches can increase food security and are more cost effective than in-kind food transfers
  • PLS Description This review assesses the effects of cash-based approaches on individual and household outcomes in humanitarian emergencies. It also assesses the efficiency of different cash-based approaches and identifies factors that hinder and facilitate programme implementation.
  • Title The effectiveness and efficiency of cash-based approaches in emergencies
Vocational and business training to improve women’s labour market outcomes in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Marjorie Chinen, Thomas de Hoop, Lorena Alcázar, María Balarin, Josh Sennett
  • Published date 2017-12-21
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 13
  • PLS Title Vocational and business training benefit women on the labour market, but the effects of most programmes are small
  • PLS Description Women around the world often perform jobs with minimal skill requirements, and encounter few opportunities for learning and advancement. Governments and development agencies try to improve women’s skills through vocational and business training programmes. This review summarises evidence on the impacts of such programmes, and on the barriers to and facilitators of vocational and business training effectiveness.
  • Title Vocational and business training to improve women’s labour market outcomes in low- and middle-income countries
The effectiveness of contract farming for raising income of smallholder farmers in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Giel Ton, Sam Desiere, Wytse Vellema, Sophia Weituschat, Marijke D'Haese
  • Published date 2017-12-12
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 13
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Contract farming improves incomes for better-off farmers
  • PLS Description Contract farming is a sales arrangement agreed before production begins, which provides the farmer with resources or services. The service package provided by the firm varies per location, and can include transport, certification, input provisioning and credit. This systematic review summarises evidence on income effects for smallholders to assess average effects and explore combinations of factors that increase these effects.
  • Title The effectiveness of contract farming for raising income of smallholder farmers in low- and middle-income countries
Interventions to improve the labour market outcomes of youth: a systematic review of training, entrepreneurship promotion, employment services and subsidized employment interventions
  • Authors Jochen Kluve, Susana Puerto, David Robalino, Jose Manuel Romero, Friederike Rother, Jonathan Stöterau, Felix Weidenkaff, Marc Witte
  • Published date 2017-12-04
  • Coordinating group(s) Education, International Development, Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 13
  • PLS Title Active labour market programmes for youth increase employment and earnings. Effects vary between programmes and context.
  • PLS Description This systematic review assesses the impact of youth employment interventions on the labour market outcomes of young people. The included interventions are training and skills development, entrepreneurship promotion, employment services and subsidized employment. Outcomes of interest include employment, earnings and business performance outcomes.
  • Title Interventions to improve the labour market outcomes of youth: a systematic review of training, entrepreneurship promotion, employment services and subsidized employment interventions
Approaches to promote handwashing and sanitation behaviour change in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Emmy De Buck, Hans Van Remoortel, Karin Hannes, Thashlin Govender, Selvan Naidoo, Bert Avau, Axel Vande veegaete, Alfred Musekiwa, Vittoria Lutje, Margaret Cargo, Hans-Joachim Mosler, Philippe Vandekerckhove, Taryn Young
  • Published date 2017-05-19
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 13
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Community-based approaches are most effective in promoting changes in hygiene practices, but sustainability is a challenge
  • PLS Description Diarrhoeal diseases are very common causes of death in low and middle-income countries. Improved sanitation and hygiene reduce diarrhoea, but adoption remains a challenge.This review assesses the evidence for two questions: (1) how effective are different approaches to promote handwashing and sanitation behaviour change; and (2) what factors influence the implementation of these approaches?
  • Title Approaches to promote handwashing and sanitation behaviour change in low- and middle-income countries
  • Spanish PLS Las intervenciones comunitarias son eficaces para promover cambios en las prácticas higiénicas, pero la sostenibilidad sigue siendo un desafío
  • Spanish PLS Description Las enfermedades diarreicas son causas muy comunes de muerte en países de ingresos medios y bajos. Mejores medidas higiénicas y de saneamiento reducen la diarrea, pero adoptarlas sigue siendo un desafío. La presente revisión evalúa la evidencia disponible con respecto a dos preguntas: (1) ¿cuán eficaces son los diversos programas para promover cambios de actitudes en cuanto a la higiene y al saneamiento?; (2) ¿qué factores influyen en la implementación de tales programas?
Effects of certification schemes for agricultural production on socio-economic outcomes in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Carlos Oya, Florian Schaefer, Dafni Skalidou, Catherine McCosker, Laurenz Langer
  • Published date 2017-03-01
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 13
  • PLS Title Certification schemes do not seem to improve household incomes for farmers and wages for workers
  • PLS Description This review assesses whether certification schemes work for the wellbeing of agricultural producers and workers in low- and middle- income countries.
  • Title Effects of certification schemes for agricultural production on socio-economic outcomes in low- and middle-income countries
  • Spanish PLS Los planes de certificación no parecen mejorar los ingresos familiares de los granjeros ni los salarios de los trabajadores agrícolas
  • Spanish PLS Description Los planes de certificación establecen y monitorean normas de aplicación voluntaria y pueden abarcar sistemas relacionados con una amplia gama de actividades en asuntos de políticas públicas, asesoría y desarrollo de capacidades, además de creación de mercados y cadenas de abastecimiento, con el fin de lograr que la producción agrícola sea socialmente sostenible y el mercado agrícola más justo tanto para productores como para trabajadores. La certificación busca influir en una amplia gama de resultados socioeconómicos y medioambientales para mejorar el bienestar de granjeros y trabajadores agrícolas que son empleados por plantaciones corporativas o por productores individuales. La presente revisión evalúa la eficacia de la educación a distancia para el área de la MBE en el mejoramiento de las competencias de los profesionales de la salud en dicho campo. Los principales resultados se relacionan con conocimientos, habilidades, actitudes y comportamientos relativos a la MBE.
The effects of school-based decision-making on educational outcomes in low- and middle-income contexts
  • Authors Roy Carr-Hill, Caine Rolleston, Rebecca Schendel
  • Published date 2016-12-07
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 12
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title School-based decision-making has positive effects on education outcomes but less so in low-income countries
  • PLS Description Decentralizing decision-making to schools has mainly small to moderate positive effects in reducing repetition, dropouts and increasing test scores. These effects are restricted to middle-income countries, with fewer and smaller positive effects found in low-income countries or in disadvantaged communities.
  • Title The effects of school-based decision-making on educational outcomes in low- and middle-income contexts
Community monitoring interventions to curb corruption and increase access and quality of service delivery in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Ezequiel Molina, Laura Carella, Ana Pacheco, Guillermo Cruces, Leonardo Gasparini
  • Published date 2016-11-15
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 12
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Community monitoring interventions can reduce corruption and may improve services
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review assesses the effectiveness of Community Monitoring Interventions in reducing corruption. The review summarises findings from 15 studies, of which seven are from Asia, six from Africa and two from Latin America.
  • Title Community monitoring interventions to curb corruption and increase access and quality of service delivery in low- and middle-income countries
  • Spanish PLS Las intervenciones de monitoreo comunitario pueden disminuir la corrupción y mejorar los servicios
  • Spanish PLS Description La presente revisión evalúa la evidencia existente sobre los efectos producidos por las intervenciones de monitoreo comunitario en la corrupción, en el acceso a los servicios prestados y en su calidad. Esta también considera el mecanismo por medio del cual dichas intervenciones modifican los índices de corrupción y de prestación de servicios, además de posibles factores moderadores tales como la zona geográfica, el nivel de ingresos y el grado de exposición a las intervenciones.
Deworming and adjuvant interventions for improving the developmental health and well-being of children in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Vivian Andrea Welch, Shally Awasthi, Chisa Cumberbatch, Robert Fletcher, Jessie McGowan, Katelyn Merritt, Shari Krishnaratne, Salim Sohani, Peter Tugwell, Howard White, George A. Wells
  • Published date 2016-09-27
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 12
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Mass deworming programmes have little or no effect on most welfare outcomes
  • PLS Description The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of mass deworming of children to improve child health and other outcomes is debated. This independent analysis reinforces the case against mass deworming, finding little or no effect on most welfare outcomes.
  • Title Deworming and adjuvant interventions for improving the developmental health and well-being of children in low- and middle-income countries
  • Spanish PLS Los programas de desparasitación masiva producen efectos marginales o ningún efecto en la mayoría de los resultados sobre temas de bienestar
  • Spanish PLS Description La helmintiasis y la esquistosomiasis transmitidas por el suelo afectan a más de un tercio de la población mundial. En este sentido, existe debate sobre la eficacia, por un lado, y qué tan efectivas en función de costos son las desparasitaciones masivas de niños. La presente revisión evalúa los efectos producidos por desparasitaciones masivas de helmintos transmitidos por el suelo en el crecimiento, los logros educacionales, la cognición, la asistencia a la escuela y la calidad de vida, además de ciertos efectos adversos en niños que habitan zonas endémicas.
Page 1 of 3

Contact Us

  • P.O. Box 222, Skøyen ,
    N-0213 Oslo, Norway
  • (+47) 21 07 81 00
  • (+47) 23 25 50 10
  • Web: tkristiansen@campbellcollaboration.org
  •  info@campbellcollaboration.org